Communication Disorders in Children and Adolescents Speech and language disorders refer to problems in communication and related areas such as oral motor function. These delays and disorders range from simple sound substitutions to the inability to understand or use language or use the oral-motor mechanism for functional speech and feeding.
Social communication difficulties are also known as pragmatic difficulties. Social communication refers to the social use of language. It is successfully interacting with others in an appropriate manner that follows the rules of conversation, social norms and unwritten rules in society regarding interactions in different environments.
A child with a communication disorder has trouble communicating with others. He or she may not understand or make the sounds of speech. The child may also struggle with word choice, word order, or sentence structure. There are several types of these disorders.
Speech and language disorders can develop in adults gradually, but they can also develop suddenly, such as in the case of stroke. Disorders can include the loss of ability to express or understand language, problems making certain sounds or words (for example, slurring) and changes to the rhythm or speed of speech.
Classification of speech disorders In accordance with physiological considerations, disorders of communication are first classified into disorders of voice and phonic respiration, disorders of articulated speech, and disorders of language.Learn More
One theory is that social communication disorder may be due to a “glitch” in the brain’s right hemisphere(5) that makes it harder for kids to process verbal and visual information simultaneously. Another theory is that the disorder is somehow related to weak executive functioning skills.(6).Learn More
Communication disorders involve persistent problems related to language and speech. It is estimated that nearly one in 10 American children has some type of communication disorder.Learn More
A Speech-Language Pathologist (SLP) evaluates and diagnoses speech, language, voice, cognitive-communication and swallowing disorders. An SLP also treats those same disorders among people of all ages ranging from infants to elderly individuals, and also counsels patients and their family members. Often, an SLP works as part of a multidisciplinary treatment team.Learn More
Speech, language and communication all sound the same, but they actually have unique meanings. Speech generally refers to the action of producing speech or the act of speaking. So someone with a speech challenge may have trouble with specific sounds, patterns of words, or intelligibility. Types of speech challenges include articulation disorders or phonological disorders.Learn More
A speech disorder usually indicates that someone has trouble producing certain sounds accurately. Young children who are learning how to speak will probably substitute, leave out or distort normal speech sounds. For example, it’s not unusual for 3-year-olds to use the f sound for th in their speech: “I’m firsty (thirsty).” But that.Learn More
The undergraduate and graduate programs in communication sciences and disorders prepare students for rewarding careers in speech and language pathology, audiology and other human communications. Your big ideas are within reach through world-class educators and facilities at Minnesota State Mankato.Learn More
Speech difficulties Sometimes brain injury causes communication difficulties by impairing the physical ability to speak, rather than the ability to understand and express language. The two main speech disorders are: Dysarthria; Dyspraxia of speech; Dysarthria.Learn More
In this lesson, we explore speech sound disorders, which include articulation deficits, phonological process disorder and fluency disorder. Also learn the characteristics of each of these disorders.Learn More
Speech Sounds Disorders - it is the inability to make certain sounds or put sounds together into words. E.g.: articulation or phonological disorders, apraxia of speech, or dysarthria. Language Disorders - it is the inability to understand what we hear or read and not being able to communicate our thoughts to others.Learn More
Social communication disorder can be diagnosed by health professionals with experience in child development and developmental disorders like autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Diagnosing social communication disorder usually involves several health professionals, including speech pathologistsand psychologists.Learn More
Communication disorders and impairments include speech disorders, language disorders, stuttering and voice problems. Speech pathologists can often help.Learn More